In ancient times, the gatehouse generally showed the identity of the owner of the family, and it was a sign of the location and wealth of the family. The officials and merchants lived in the South half of the Hutong, and the door was in the northwest of the main house. The gatehouse was small, but it was very beautiful. Xiao Junmei's style, small courtyard, large house, belonged to the noble and rich.
No matter whether the gatehouse is in the north or south of the Hutong, the location of the gatehouse is in the auspicious position, because the choice of the location of the gatehouse affects the acceptance of happiness and the avoidance of evil, which is a major concern of every family. And the palace is public property, there is no turret, in and out are buildings corridor.
In addition, in modern times, although people's family concept is not as fierce as before, we still don't like the gatehouse. The gatehouse is still a symbol of wealth, but we mostly use antiseptic wood for the production materials of the gate. In the circle, the production of antiseptic wood gatehouse is still popular.
The antiseptic wooden gate building is a sign that every family is rich or poor. There are overhanging eaves on the top of the wooden gate building in Yayuan. There are double-sided brick carvings on the lintel. Generally, there are plaques with "Ziqi Donglai" and "zhubao Songmao". There are flowers, bats, butterflies and other pictures on the edge of the bucket frame. The elegant garden anticorrosive wooden gate building of Lin's mansion in shigaotang, Xinqi Street shows this feature.
Some plaques also flashed the ancestral roots of the house. For example, a Qing Dynasty building called "flower wall gate" in Laohe village of Daqi street has a brick inscription of "Jianhu legacy" on its lintel, which shows that the root of the he surname is Shaoxing. Some big houses put a pair of stone lions or a pair of stone drums on the left and right of the gate. Stone lion and stone drum not only have the beauty of decoration, but also have the meaning of security.
The gate tower and the antiseptic wooden gate tower are the main passageway of each family (the back door and the side door are not the primary passageway), and also the "Facade" of the owner, which directly reflects the social position, occupation and economic level of the owner. The concave and convex size of the gatehouse, the quality of the brick and tile village, the painted text, and the connection with the left and right platforms all have rules, which should be consistent with the identity. For example, most of the officials lived in the northern half of the Hutong, and the gatehouse was in the southeast of the main room. Guangliang gate or Jinzhu gate was selected.