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    如何鑒別防腐木和碳化木?

    來源:http://www.thecysterstory.com 時間:2020-02-10

    碳化物木材被分為兩種,分別是深度碳化物木材和表面碳化物木材,以下是防腐木材與碳化物木材之間的區別:
    Carbide wood is divided into two types, deep carbide wood and surface carbide wood. The following is the difference between anticorrosive wood and carbide wood:
    一、炭化木材經高溫炭化處理,分為表面炭化木材和深層炭化木材。
    1、 Carbonized wood can be divided into surface carbonized wood and deep carbonized wood.
    1、表面炭化木材被火燒烤,使木材表面有一個非常薄的碳化層。木材性能的變化類似于木材的油漆。它還可以突出凹凸木紋在表面,表面是類似于燃燒木材,從而產生了三維效果。主要應用于工藝品、裝飾材料和水族產品。也被稱為過程碳化木材,木炭燃燒木材。
    1. The surface carbonized wood is roasted by fire, which makes the wood surface have a very thin carbonized layer. The change of wood properties is similar to that of wood paint. It can also highlight the concave and convex wood grain on the surface, which is similar to burning wood, thus producing a three-dimensional effect. It is mainly used in handicrafts, decorative materials and aquatic products. Also known as process carbonized wood, charcoal burns wood.
    2、深炭化材又稱完全炭化材和均勻炭化材。在180~250℃高溫炭化工藝處理后,由于木材營養成分的破壞,具有良好的防腐和防蟲功能,使讓木材的元素重新復合,具有較好的物理性能,是一種真正綠色環保的產品,產品不僅具有防腐防蟲的性能,而且不含任何有害物質,不僅提高了木材的使用壽命,而且不使用藥液浸泡。在生產過程中,處理后的廢料用于治療人體,動物和環境無任何負面影響。深炭化木材在歐洲已有近十年的生產經驗,是CCA防腐木材禁用后的主要替代產品。深炭化防腐木材在室內外墻板還有室外地板家具等方面被廣泛應用,碳化木是真正的環保建材。
    2. Deep carbonized material is also called complete carbonized material and uniform carbonized material. After carbonization at 180-250 ℃, due to the destruction of wood nutrients, it has good antiseptic and insect proof functions, which makes the elements of wood recombine, and has better physical properties. It is a real green environmental protection product. The product not only has the antiseptic and insect proof properties, but also does not contain any harmful substances, which not only improves the service life of wood, but also does not use the liquid medicine to soak it Bubble. In the production process, the treated waste is used to treat human body, animals and environment without any negative impact. Deep carbonized wood has nearly ten years of production experience in Europe, and it is the main alternative product after the ban of CCA anticorrosive wood. Deep carbonized and antiseptic wood is widely used in exterior wall board and outdoor floor furniture. Carbonized wood is a real environmental protection building material.
    二、防腐木
    2、 Antiseptic wood
    防腐木是一種利用防腐劑對木材進行滲透和固化的木材,具有防止腐朽真菌和微生物入侵木材的作用。木材防腐劑的有效性主要取決于其對有害生物的毒性。對有害木材的生物毒性越大,防腐效果越強。一般來說,木材還需要添加其他助劑,一是起到防腐作用,可以提高木材的剛度、強度、耐久性,具有防腐、白蟻、抗真菌的作用,所以主要用于室外地板與水土接觸的區域,為了保護環境,現在許多項目購買防腐木作為枕木,以碳化物木為地板。
    Antiseptic wood is a kind of wood that uses preservatives to penetrate and solidify wood. It has the function of preventing rotten fungi and microorganisms from invading wood. The effectiveness of wood preservative mainly depends on its toxicity to harmful organisms. The greater the biological toxicity to harmful wood, the stronger the antiseptic effect. Generally speaking, wood also needs to be added with other additives. First, it can play the role of anti-corrosion, can improve the rigidity, strength and durability of wood, and has the role of anti-corrosion, termite and antifungal. Therefore, it is mainly used in the area where the outdoor floor is in contact with water and soil. In order to protect the environment, anti-corrosion wood is purchased as sleeper in many projects, and carbide wood is used as floor.
    山東防腐木
    兩者的鑒別方式就是:1、防腐木表面黃綠色,炭化木表面棕色由于部分浸泡沒有達到100%,因此切割防腐木會發現截面顏色不一致,深層碳化木材截面顏色相同。2、防腐木藥水的氣味很重,浸泡在水里會發出臭味。炭化后的木材不含藥液處理,保留了木材原有木香。
    The two identification methods are as follows: 1. The surface of the antiseptic wood is yellow green, and the surface of the carbonized wood is brown because part of the wood is not soaked to 100%. Therefore, when cutting the antiseptic wood, it will be found that the color of the section is not the same, and the color of the section of the deep carbonized wood is the same. 2. The smell of antiseptic wood potion is very heavy. It will stink when soaked in water. The carbonized wood does not contain liquid medicine treatment, and retains the original wood fragrance.